There are 23 country parks and 17 special areas (six of which are located outside
country parks) with a total area of 41 644 hectares (about 38 per cent of the total
land area of Hong Kong). They cover scenic hills, woodlands, reservoirs, islands,
indented coastlines, marshes and uplands. All are carefully protected for the purposes
of nature conservation, education and scientific studies. Management measures
include protection of woodland and vegetation against fire, control of development,
tree planting, litter collection, the provision of educational and recreational facilities,
and the promotion of a better understanding of the countryside.
There are four marine parks and one marine reserve covering 2 430 hectares of
scenic coastal areas, seascapes and important biological habitats. Marine reserves are
dedicated to conservation, education and scientific studies. Fishing in marine parks is
controlled through a permit system confined to local villagers and bona fide
fishermen, while such activity is totally banned in marine reserves. Publicity and
educational activities are organised for students and members of the public.