The Environmental Protection Department (EPD), under the Environment,
Transport and Works Bureau, has overall responsibility for protecting the
environment, which includes nature conservation. It executes environmental policies,
vets environmental planning and assessment findings, enforces and reviews
environmental laws, plans and develops facilities for liquid and solid waste disposal
and promotes environmental management, auditing and reporting. It also promotes
environmental awareness in the community.
The EPD receives professional support from several government departments and
advice from the Advisory Council on the Environment, which comprises 15 members
appointed by the Chief Executive, including members from environmental non-governmental organisations, business groups, academic institutions and professional
The Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) is the main
agency for nature and wildlife conservation. The Planning Department plans future
land use (including conservation zoning) and controls developments across Hong
Kong. The Drainage Services Department designs, builds, operates and maintains
sewerage and sewage treatment facilities. The Civil Engineering and Development
Department provides outlets for the reuse of inert construction and demolition
material. The Electrical and Mechanical Services Department promotes the efficient
use and conservation of energy. The Marine Department clears floating refuse and oil
in the sea and enforces the law governing oil pollution.
Government spending on the environment in 2006-07 was budgeted at $5.66
billion, or about 2.14 per cent of total public expenditure.