There was increased activity in private building development during the
year. The number of building sites where superstructure works started
increased from 124 in 2002 to 266 in 2003, involving a total gross floor
area of 1.17 million square metres and 2.07 million square metres, respectively.
In 2003, a total of 785 buildings, with a total gross floor area of 2.87
million square metres, were completed at a total cost of $33.1 billion.
This compared with 1 132 buildings, with a total gross floor area of 3.88
million square metres, built at a total cost of $45.7 billion, in 2002.
Major construction works in progress at year-end included
the residential part of the Cyberport development in Pok Fu Lam, the Hong
Kong Disneyland theme park and the associated Penny's Bay Rail Link, the
Lok Ma Chau Spur Line, the Ma On Shan Rail and the Tsim Sha Tsui Extension
of the East Rail.
As a continuing exercise to promote client-oriented
service, the third Joint Practice Note for Authorised Persons and Registered
Structural Engineers was issued in August, describing new measures
to streamline the process of landscape master plans and the provision
of pre-submission enquiry services.
The Buildings Department continued to rationalise
the control on supervision of building works by building professionals.
A working group, set up to review all site supervision requirements under
the Buildings Ordinance, has prepared a draft proposal for an integrated
site supervision system.
During the year, 25 816 reports on unauthorised
building works (UBWs) were processed; 24 003 removal orders
issued; and 49 556 UBWs removed. A total of 714 prosecutions
were instituted against offenders for erecting UBWs or failing to comply
with removal orders. These resulted in 461 convictions with fines totalling
To tackle the problem of UBWs, the Buildings Department
continued to embark on 'blitz' clearance operations, to demolish in one
exercise all external UBWs on a number of buildings in the same district.
A total of 1 000 buildings were targeted for 'blitz' clearances
in 2003. The programme to remove all illegal rooftop structures on 4
500 single staircase buildings that pose a serious fire hazard
gathered momentum. Enforcement action against 713 buildings with illegal
rooftop structures was completed, compared with 402 and 632 in 2001 and
The SARS outbreak raised public awareness of the
importance of proper maintenance of drainage systems in buildings. The
Buildings Department inspected the external drainage pipes of about 11
000 private buildings without Owners Corporations (OCs) or Mutual
Aid Committees (MACs). For the other 18 000 buildings with
OCs, MACs or management companies, the department advised them to inspect
their drains. A total of 1 811 drainage repair orders were
issued and 1 913 buildings had defects rectified.
A Working Group on Building Design for a Clean and
Healthy Environment was set up to review the existing relevant regulations,
identify new and improved building design standards and propose ways to
achieve a clean and healthy built environment.
As part of the Government's newly formed Team Clean's
measures to improve environmental hygiene, the Buildings Department took
part in a joint operation with other relevant departments to clean up
85 priority district 'black spots' and launch six pilot projects to rectify
environmental hygiene problem in target areas. A total of 839 UBWs and
494 drainage defects were removed or rectified in these operations.
Under the Fire Safety (Commercial Premises) Ordinance,
joint inspections with the Fire Services Department were made to improve
fire safety in commercial premises built before 1987. For prescribed commercial
premises (banks, betting centres, jewellery shops, shopping arcades, supermarkets),
194 Fire Safety Directions were issued to 120 premises requiring the owners
concerned to remedy infractions. For specified commercial buildings (built
before 1987), 3 537 Fire Safety Improvement Directions were issued to
140 buildings requiring upgrading of fire safety standards and facilities.
The recently enacted Fire Safety (Buildings) Ordinance
requires the upgrading of essential fire safety provisions in composite
and domestic buildings built before 1987. When the ordinance comes into
operation, 9 000 composite buildings designed for both domestic and commercial
uses will be required to upgrade fire service installations and fire safety
construction. The upgrading programme will then be extended to cover the
remaining 3 000 domestic buildings in which the fire risk involved is
Under the Building Safety Loan Scheme, 2 588 applications
with a total loan amount of $77.76 million were approved during the year.
Starting from November 2002, a total of 550 buildings
were selected for action under the Coordinated Maintenance of Buildings
Scheme. Owners of 300 buildings were motivated to take up their maintenance
responsibilities, and repair or other improvement works were completed
on 131 of these buildings.
The department began a comprehensive review of the
Buildings Ordinance and its regulations in 2000. As a result of the review,
legislative amendments have been proposed to rationalise the building
control regime, strengthen safety requirements, facilitate law enforcement,
and improve service to the public.
The proposed legislative amendments were included
in the Buildings (Amendment) Bill 2003, which was introduced into the
Legislative Council in April.
The Architectural Services Department acts as Government's architect
in providing full professional, technical and financial management services
for the development and maintenance of public buildings (other than public
housing) in three main areas: —
technical advice and monitoring services to all bureaux and departments
on their projects subject to government subvention and on government
projects entrusted to or in joint venture with the private sector.
About 900 projects, valued at $58 billion, were monitored during
professional and technical services for project management, design
and supervision of the construction of building projects in the
Public Works Programme and those of the Hospital Authority (HA).
During the year, the department's rolling programme covered 339
projects at a total value of about $56 billion; and
building maintenance services, including the provision of general
maintenance for all public buildings and facilities as well as
those of the HA, covering a total floor area of approximately
27.4 million square metres. The department also undertakes conservation
and restoration of listed buildings and gazetted monuments, and
emergency and major repairs to all subvented schools outside public
Under the re-engineering programme, the department
will focus on its strategic roles as the building authority for and steward
of government buildings, and as the Government's corporate professional
adviser on architectural policies, building planning and maintenance matters.
The bulk of the building and maintenance works currently undertaken by
the department will be gradually outsourced to the private sector. During
the year, the level of outsourcing increased to 59 per cent.
In 2003, the actual expenditure on building projects
undertaken or monitored by the department was $11.67 billion, with a further
expenditure of $2.32 billion on routine maintenance and minor alteration
works. The building projects undertaken by the department were in the
following categories: —
The construction of 27 schools was completed in 2003, and works on 27
schools were under way for completion in 2004 and 2005. The design for
the school projects will be site and user-specific whenever the necessary
lead time is available in the programme.
In the continued development of environmental and
'green' aspects, a building integrated photovoltaic system was installed
in one of the schools completed as a pilot scheme to save energy and to
raise students' awareness of the merits of natural energy. The department
has completed improvements to 450 schools in recent years, including 62
schools in 2003. Improvement works began at 94 schools during the year,
bringing the number of schools undergoing improvements to 235.
Sha Tau Kok Fire Station, Lau Fu Shan Fire Station and Ambulance Depot,
the Police Dog Unit and Force Search Unit Complex at Sha Ling, and the
remaining works under the 'Police Stations Improvement Project' programme
were completed during the year.
Construction work was in progress on a variety of
projects. These included the Fire Stations and Ambulance Depots in Braemar
Hill and Penny's Bay, Mong Kok and Kwai Chung Ambulance Depots and Fire
Services Department Regional Command Headquarters, and the Reprovisioning
of Civil Aid Service and Fire Services Department Facilities at Site 17
of the West Kowloon Reclamation. Other projects were the Immigration Service
Training School and Perowne Immigration Centre in Tuen Mun, Phase 3 Redevelopment
of Police Headquarters at Arsenal Street in Wan Chai, and the New Territories
South Regional Police Headquarters and Operational Base in Tsuen Wan.
Preparatory work was under way for the construction
of the Marine Police Outer Waters District Headquarters and Marine Police
North Division at Ma Liu Shui, Independent Commission Against Corruption
Headquarters building in North Point, and reprovisioning of Victoria Prison
at the site of the old married quarters at the Correctional Services Department's
Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre.
An earlier project completed by the department was
the conversion of the Married Officer Quarters of the Correctional Services
Department at Stanley into the Hong Kong Correctional Services Museum.
Science and Research
The development of the Science Park at Pak Shek Kok was in progress.
The Science Park is delineated into different zones for housing tenants
of sizes ranging from small incubator firms to multinational conglomerates
within a park-like environment. The buildings are equipped with comprehensive
infrastructure facilities, and advanced technological and environmental
Phase 1 of the Science Park comprises 10 buildings.
The first three buildings were completed in 2002. During the year, three
more buildings were completed, including the Photonic Centre, the Wireless
Centre and the Innovation Centre for research and development facilities.
Construction of the remaining four buildings was under way.
Medical and Health
During the year, construction was in progress on a number of projects,
including the Castle Peak Hospital Redevelopment (Phase 2), the establishment
of a Radiotherapy Centre and the redevelopment of the Accident and Emergency
Department at Princess Margaret Hospital, the remodelling of Tang Shiu
Kin Hospital into an Ambulatory Care Centre, and the redevelopment of
Staff Quarters for the establishment of a Rehabilitation Block at Tuen
Mun Hospital. Works were also progressing on the remodelling of the Tuen
Mun Polyclinic Building for the establishment of an Ophthalmic Centre,
the enhancement of infection control facilities in the public hospital
system, and construction of a Public Mortuary at Area 26E, Kwai Chung.
Recreation and Culture
Projects completed during the year included the Jordan Valley Playground
(Phase 2, Stage 2), local open space in Area 44 of Tuen Mun and improvement
works to Victoria Park.
Works commenced on eight open space projects, Hammer
Hill Road Park, Stanley Complex, Water Sports Centre in Stanley Main Beach,
and Tung Wan Beach Building in Cheung Chau. Improvement to Lok Wah Playground
in Kwun Tong and renovation of the YMCA Wu Kai Sha Youth Village in Ma
On Shan were also under way.
Construction was in progress on the Tai Kok Tsui Complex,
Ma On Shan Sports Ground (Phase 2), Kowloon Bay Recreation Ground, local
open spaces in Areas 18 and 21 of Fanling, and Indoor Recreation Centre/Library
in Area 100, Ma On Shan.
The Public Square Street Garden in Yau Tsim Mong District,
refurbished in Chinese style with special features like a 'Nine-dragon
Wall' and a 'Pai Lau', attracts the patronage of both local residents
Construction of the Hong Kong Wetland Park and the Visitor Centre in
Tin Shui Wai continued. This is the first pilot project to use recycled
aggregates in structural concrete under the Government's policy on construction
and demolition waste management.
As part of the overall initiatives to improve the
townscape of Sai Kung, improvement works to the Sai Kung Waterfront area
were completed during the year. The department also managed streetscape
and signage projects in districts popular with tourists.
Boundary Crossing Facilities
The enhanced boundary crossing facilities for both cargo and passengers
traffic at Lok Ma Chau were substantially completed during the year.
Improvement works to the Lo Wu Terminal Building were
in progress for completion by early 2005. Installation of an air-conditioning
system at the Lo Wu Cross Boundary Footbridge began in October.
Expansion of customs and immigration facilities at
the Sha Tau Kok Control Point was under planning.
Design for the development of boundary crossing facilities
at the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor proceeded in cooperation with
the Shenzhen Port Affairs Office.
Initiatives in Sustainable Development
The department continued its efforts in promoting and practising sustainability
in the building industry.
Steps are taken to ensure that all building designs
are compatible with the surrounding environment, efficient in utilising
'land', 'energy' and 'material' resources, and easy to 'operate', 'service'
and 'maintain'. To encourage staff and consultants to adopt a holistic
approach to environmental design, environmental performance assessments
including the Hong Kong Building Environmental Assessment Method (HK-BEAM)
were conducted on the projects concerned.
Provision of a healthy built environment for users
and public is a key objective. All projects were designed with the aim
of attaining the 'Excellent' class of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) as defined
under the IAQ Certification Scheme for Offices and Public Places, which
was launched during the year. The 'Overall Energy Approach' was used to
achieve a healthy indoor environment in a cost-effective and energy-efficient
The department continued to take the lead in implementing
energy efficient technologies in building services installations. These
included the installation of water-cooled air-conditioning systems, total
energy heat pumps, and demand control systems, resulting in an estimated
annual saving of 300 million megajoules of energy.
Use of renewable energy is promoted effectively. During
the year, 3 300 square metres of photovoltaic panels with a total electrical
capacity of 300 kilowatts were installed in new projects. The Hong Kong
Wetland Park's Visitor Centre, to be completed in 2005, will be the first
building in Hong Kong that utilises geothermal energy for operating its
The efforts of the department in promoting sustainability have been recognised
by various bodies. Awards received included the 'Commendation for Environmental
Reporting' from the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants Hong
Kong Environmental Reporting Awards 2002, and the Hong Kong Institute
of Architects 2002 Annual Award under the category of 'Special Architectural
Award — Sustainable Design' for the Veterinary Laboratory at Tai
Lung in Sheung Shui.