The Hong Kong Police Force is committed to protecting the public, preventing
and detecting crime, maintaining law and order, ensuring smooth traffic operations,
reducing the number of traffic accidents, and stamping out illegal immigration.
During the year, Hong Kong remained one of the safest cities in the world, with
the Police Force sparing no effort in combating violent crimes, triad activities and
drug offences. The Police Force was also responsible for providing a safe and secure
environment while maintaining law, order and public safety during the International
Telecommunication Union TELECOM WORLD 2006 in December.
At year-end, the Police Force had an establishment of about 27 300 police
officers supported by more than 4 700 civilian staff and reinforced by some
3 900 volunteers serving in the Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force. In 2006,
56 inspectors and 1 130 constables were appointed.
Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force
On a day-to-day basis, the Auxiliary Police Force supports its regular counterparts
on crowd management at large-scale events and carries out pre-planned operations.
It also assists in handling natural disasters and civil emergencies. In an internal
security situation, the force will guard strategic and sensitive installations, and man
Reported crimes in 2006 totalled 81 125, an increase of 4.8 per cent compared
to 77 437 in 2005. The crime rate stood at 1 183 cases per 100 000 population, a
rise of 4.1 per cent compared to 1 137 in 2005. The increase in crimes was mainly
due to the rise in thefts, deceptions and serious assaults.
During the year, the number of violent crimes increased to 14 847, a rise of
6.9 per cent compared to 13 890 in 2005. Robberies, woundings and serious assaults
accounted for 65.1 per cent of total violent crimes in 2006.
Altogether, there were 1 574 robberies in 2006, a drop of 6 per cent compared
to 1 675 in 2005. There was one robbery with genuine firearms, compared to three
in 2005. There were 23 bank robberies, or eight more than in 2005. Most of these
were perpetrated by lone robbers without resorting to serious violence.
The number of burglaries fell from 5 492 in 2005 to 5 315 in 2006, a drop of
3.2 per cent. Serious narcotics offences increased from 1 780 in 2005 to 2 122 in
2006, a rise of 19.2 per cent. Thefts rose from 35 213 in 2005 to 37 089 in 2006, up
by 5.3 per cent.
Of the reported crimes in 2006, 44.6 per cent or 36 192 crimes were detected,
with 42 228 people arrested for various criminal offences. Of those, 4 510 were aged
between 10 and 15 and 4 974 were aged between 16 and 20. Most of them were
arrested for shop thefts, miscellaneous thefts, wounding and serious assaults, and
robberies. Drug-related offences were also prevalent among the crimes committed by
Incidents involving firearms remained at a low level. There were five reported
incidents involving the use of firearms, compared to four in the previous year, and 10
firearms were seized during the year. The Police continue to carry out intelligence-led
operations and strategic exchange of intelligence with the relevant authorities in
In 2006, 1 774 vehicles were reported missing compared with 1 592 in 2005, an
increase of 11.4 per cent. The increase was probably due to a rise in demand for
vehicles and vehicle parts in Hong Kong and Southeast Asia. But the number fell in
the second half of the year following vigorous enforcement action.
There was a steady decline in organised and triad-related crimes, attributed to
sustained and concerted enforcement action. In 2006, a total of 2 396 triad-related
cases were recorded, accounting for 3 per cent of the total of 81 125 reported
To tackle activities committed by organised crime groups and triad societies, over
85 intelligence-led operations targeting certain individuals and their sources of
revenue were carried out successfully, resulting in the arrest of more than 280 people
for offences such as extortion, loan sharking, syndicated vice, vehicle crimes,
gambling and being members of a triad society. Some of these operations were
conducted with neighbouring jurisdictions such as the Mainland, Macao, Malaysia,
Singapore and Australia as cross-border criminal activities increased in recent years.
During World Cup 2006, 191 raids were conducted against illegal football
gambling, resulting in the arrest of 196 people and the seizure of betting slips worth
$75 million, 84 computers and eight internet servers. As a result, major gambling
syndicates in Hong Kong were neutralised.
Domestic Violence, Child Abuse and Elder Abuse
The Police received 4 704 reports of domestic violence during the year, 1 811 of
which were crime-related and 2 893 were miscellaneous, representing a rise of 79 per
cent compared to 2005. The increase is believed to be due to greater public
awareness of domestic violence created by the Government's publicity and education
campaigns, and more people now see the importance of seeking early assistance.
The Force is committed to responding promptly and professionally to all reports
of domestic violence through a series of enhanced measures and training for frontline
officers in handling and investigating these cases.
In November, an emergency referral questionnaire was introduced as an effective
risk assessment tool to assist officers in identifying risk factors and in taking
appropriate actions to deal with domestic violence cases. At the same time, special
units were set up to investigate serious domestic violence cases. Frontline supervision
and management at divisional level are strengthened during the initial stages of
investigation to ensure closer collaboration with welfare units. Training to enhance
officers' awareness of family dynamics, sensitivities and cross discipline exchanges will
be the focus in future.
The Commercial Crime Bureau continued to carry out actively intelligence-led
investigations into syndicated crimes, serious fraud, counterfeit and forgery cases as
well as technology crimes.
Collaboration with the Customs and Excise Department (C&ED), the payment
card industry and courier service companies resulted in the interception and seizure of
95 per cent of all of the 2 991 counterfeit credit cards seized during the year.
Technology crimes rose by 13.5 per cent in 2006 compared with 2005, but they
were mostly minor offences. The Technology Crime Division continued to maintain
close contact with its regional and local partners.
Tackling the illicit drugs problem was a prime task of the Police Force during the
year. The Police played an active part in anti-drugs campaigns carried out in schools
and throughout Hong Kong.
The number of people arrested for drug-related offences increased during the
year. In particular, there was a significant rise in arrests related to ketamine. There
was also a substantial rise in the amount of the drug seized. The total haul comprised
several large seizures including one that weighed a record 549 kilogrammes.
With the rise in popularity of cocaine in recent years, action against trafficking in
this drug was stepped up, resulting in an increase in the number of cocaine-related
arrests made in 2006.
Numerous attempts by traffickers to smuggle drugs across boundaries were
foiled and many arrests were made as a result of close collaboration among
government agencies in Hong Kong, the Mainland and other jurisdictions. A number
of illicit drugs factories in the Asia-Pacific region were torn down and several large
consignments of drugs were prevented from reaching their markets.
Financial investigation is recognised globally as essential to the fight against
organised crime and terrorist financing.
During the year, the Police Force participated in a number of local and
international initiatives to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. In
September, the Force co-organised a series of anti-money laundering seminars for
officers from financial institutions such as banks, securities, insurance and remittance
firms, and money lenders. Representatives from non-financial businesses and
professions such as real estate agents, precious metals and gem dealers, and
corporate formation agents were also invited to the seminars to increase their
awareness of money laundering.
During the year, 3 173 illegal immigrants from the Mainland were arrested by
the Police, an average of nine per day, representing an increase of 45 per cent
compared to 2 191 in 2005. The increase in arrests is attributed to the successful
joint operations carried out by the Police Force, Immigration Department and their
Mainland counterparts. Close liaison in the form of regular meetings and exchange of
intelligence was maintained with the Guangdong Border Defence Bureau.
The Crime Prevention Bureau continually urges members of the community to do
more to protect themselves and their property.
In 2006, the bureau gave talks on crime prevention to other government
departments and various sectors of the business community. Seminars on topics such
as workplace violence and personal safety were also conducted. In addition, the
bureau ran several training courses for officers in other police formations engaged in
crime prevention work.
On the publicity front, several publicity campaigns targeting prevalent crimes
such as telephone and street deceptions were carried out. In addition, a new display
room was set up at Police Headquarters in Wan Chai to show visitors the kind of
security equipment currently available in the market, and how such equipment could
improve the security of their homes and other premises.
The Identification Bureau plays a significant role in supporting crime
investigations and prosecutions by providing a professional fingerprint and
photographic service and by collecting DNA evidence from crime scenes. In 2006, the
bureau compiled the criminal history of 25 852 individuals which enabled it to link
1 304 people to 1 234 cases.
Preparing for the replacement of the Computer Assisted Fingerprint
Identification System was one of the bureau's major tasks this year. The system is
expected to be in place by the end of December 2007.
The Forensic Firearms Examination Bureau provides quality and efficient forensic
firearms examination service to the Hong Kong criminal justice system. It is also
responsible for inspecting licensed modified firearms used as props in film
productions. The bureau is accredited by the American Society of Crime Laboratory
Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board, an acknowledgement that reflects the
bureau's integrity and service quality.
In 2006, the Interpol China National Central Bureau won the bid to host the
20th Asia Regional Conference of the International Criminal Police Organisation
(Interpol) in Hong Kong in 2008. As a sub-bureau of the Interpol China National
Central Bureau, the Police Force will co-host the biennial event.
During the year, the Police Force continued to send officers to the Interpol
General Secretariat in Lyon, France and to the Regional Liaison Office in Bangkok,
Thailand on secondment. The arrangement has facilitated liaison with the
international law enforcement bodies and at the same time broadened the Police
Force's vision and perspective of related global issues.
Explosive Ordnance Disposal
The Explosive Ordnance Disposal Bureau is responsible for all bomb disposal
work in Hong Kong. In July 2006, the bureau moved into a world-class facility for
explosive ordnance disposal, training and counter-terrorism operations. This new
purpose-built depot meets modern safety standards and complies with international
There are about 120 police dogs serving in the Police Dog Unit. The dogs are
deployed regularly to assist the Police in their operations throughout the territory.
Specialist search dogs, kept at two operational bases, are used for searching
dangerous drugs, explosives and firearms, as well for tracking objects or people.
Police dogs also play an important role in many police operations.
The Police Force continued to keep Hong Kong stable and safe by giving its
officers up-to-date training in internal security, public order and crowd management.
They are also given refresher courses regularly. After gaining valuable experience from
their handling of the security aspects of the World Trade Organisation Hong Kong
Ministerial Conference held in Hong Kong in 2005, the Police Tactical Unit played
host to police officers from the Mainland, Macao and a few other jurisdictions which
wanted to learn from Hong Kong.
Police Licensing Office
The Police Licensing Office is responsible for handling notifications of public
order events. In conjunction with the Department of Justice, it issued in February a
document entitled 'Guidelines on the approach to the Public Order Ordinance in
relation to public meetings and public processions' to help frontline officers and the
public better understand the laws and policing principles relating to the handling of
public order events. During the year, 1 303 notifications of public order events were
The Police Licensing Office is also responsible for issuing various types of licence
and permit. In 2006, it processed 3 620 applications for liquor licences. At the end of
the year, there were 181 licensed massage establishments, 190 licensed pawnbrokers,
5 046 liquor licensed premises and 275 708 valid security personnel permit holders in
The Police have embarked on a Versatile Maritime Policing Response strategy,
which aims at significantly improving maritime policing at a reduced cost. In 2006,
contracts were issued for the procurement of two barge platforms and 17 medium
patrol launches which will be delivered in 2007 while continuing to evaluate tenders
for a Central Command System and a Divisional Fast Patrol Craft. Full implementation
of the strategy is expected to be completed by 2010.
In 2006, Marine Region also stepped up action against smuggling at sea. With
full cooperation from the C&ED, Marine Department and Immigration Department,
as well as from law enforcement agencies of the Mainland, the crackdown on
syndicated smuggling activities was very successful. The amount of contraband seized
in 2006 was worth $270 million, a record for the region.
In 2006, there were 14 849 traffic accidents involving casualties, representing a
decrease of 1.4 per cent compared with 2005 and 135 fatal traffic accidents,
representing a fall of 2.9 per cent compared to the previous year. During the year,
450 252 fixed-penalty tickets for moving offences were issued, an increase of 1.1 per
cent compared with 2005. Police officers and traffic wardens issued a total of
631 669 tickets for parking offences, which represented an increase of 10.4 per cent
compared with 2005. There were 55 286 summonses issued to traffic offenders, a
drop of 18.9 per cent compared with 2005.
The Police Public Relations Branch (PPRB) plays a key role in informing the public
about the work of the Police in order to project a positive image of the Police Force
and to enlist public support for maintaining law and order through a proactive
community relations programme.
Police Community Relations officers attached to different districts keep the
public well informed of police policies and operational priorities while the Junior
Police Call (JPC) Scheme and the Secondary School Liaison Officers Programme serve
as bridges between the Police and young people.
PPRB worked with Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK) and Cable TV to produce
several television programmes including the highly acclaimed Police Magazine to keep
the public abreast of crime trends and to appeal for information to assist crime
investigations. It also assisted different film companies and television stations during
the year to produce police-related dramas and documentaries.
Information relating to police activities is disseminated to local and overseas
media organisations round the clock. PPRB also produced a number of publications,
including the biweekly newspaper OffBeat, the JPC monthly newsletter, the Police in
Figures leaflet and the Police Review 2005 which won an Honourable Mention in the
2006 Best Annual Report Awards organised by the Hong Kong Management
Association. PPRB also assisted the Fight Crime Committee in planning and
implementing the Fight Crime Publicity Campaign 2006-07 which carried the theme
'Beware of Deceptions and Thefts'.
In 2006, the Police Force bestowed the Good Citizen Award on 79 citizens for
assisting the Police in their fight against crime.
Police telephone hotlines and Crime Information Forms provide convenient
channels for reporting crime. A total of 21 284 hotline phone calls — excluding those
made to the '999' hotline — and 1 635 returned Crime Information Forms were
recorded by year-end, resulting in 745 arrests.
Planning and Development
The new purpose-built Marine Outer Waters District Headquarters-cum-Marine
North Division Operational Base in Ma Liu Shui was completed in April 2006 and was
fully operational by August.
Funding for the construction of a new annex block adjacent to the existing
Waterfront Divisional Police Station to accommodate the Central District
Headquarters and Central Divisional Police Station was approved by the Finance
Committee of the Legislative Council in July. The building is scheduled for completion
by the end of 2009. The project will facilitate the amalgamation of the Central and
Waterfront Police Divisions.
Information and Communication Technology
The award-winning third generation Command and Control Communications
System, which was brought out in March 2006, became the main communications
platform for the Police Force. It has contributed to the efficiency of the Police Force.
The Police will continue to upgrade their information and communications systems
The Hong Kong Police College which opened in January marked the beginning
of a new period of police training. The new college is committed not only to ensuring
professional police training in Hong Kong, but to inculcating a lifelong learning
culture within the Force and strengthening collaboration with its Mainland and
overseas counterparts, as well as other external training partners.
In line with this philosophy, the Police Force chose the Open University of Hong
Kong as its partner in drawing up two modules for a Recruit Police Constable
Foundation Training Course. The first batch of recruits to receive training under the
programme graduated from the college in July 2006.
The Force also continued to enhance its collaboration with law enforcement
agencies on the Mainland and other jurisdictions through various training exchange
Occupational Safety and Health
A Police Force Safety Management System designed to ensure compliance with
laws and regulations governing occupational safety and health matters was
introduced in 2004. During the year, about 80 officers of Superintendent rank or
above had received training in risk management and risk control to reduce the
chances of accidents occurring that can cause physical harm to staff members. About
1 380 inspectorate officers and their civilian counterparts were also given training in
predictive risk assessment and retrospective accident investigation.
The Force Safety Management System was further developed and improved
through lessons learned during training courses conducted in 2006. The system,
which meets internationally-recognised standards, won two Gold Awards presented
at the Hong Kong Occupational Safety and Health Council Awards 2006 ceremony.
The Force continues to strengthen its service culture and professionalism to
provide the community with an efficient, professional and cost-effective service.
Information and knowledge are key to a quality service. A knowledge
management enhancement scheme was rolled out throughout the Police Force in
May 2006 to provide it with a portal on the Internet, which all members of the Force
can access to obtain useful information on subjects related to their work.
Complaints Against Police
The Complaints and Internal Investigations Branch, which is independent from
other police departments, investigates public complaints against members of the
Police Force. The investigations are monitored by the Independent Police Complaints
In 2006, the Complaints Against Police Office (CAPO) received 2 542 complaints,
a decrease of 152 cases, or 5.6 per cent, compared to 2005. Decreases were
recorded in all types of complaints. Complaint prevention awareness through
education and other activities organised by the Complaints Prevention Committee will
continue to be a priority.
During the year, the IPCC endorsed the investigation results of 2 114 complaint
cases, involving 3 518 allegations. The substantiation rate of these investigated
allegations was 9.9 per cent. Complaints of a minor or trivial nature were dealt with
by informal resolution, a method adopted in 21 per cent of the complaints.
Disciplinary action was taken against nine police officers as a result of public