The Environment
Administrative Framework
Environmental Challenges
Planning Against Pollution
Legislation and Pollution Control
Air Pollution
Indoor Air Quality
Water Quality and Sewerage
Waste Management
Government Laboratory
Terrestrial Fauna
Marine Fauna
Legislation and Nature Conservation
Protected Areas
Topography and Geology
Hydrography and Oceanography
Meteorological Services
Home Pages
The Government's pollution control
strategy aims not to compromise industry
and commerce, but to work in partnership
with the private sector so that all may
benefit from a better environment.
Direct economic benefits can often be
gained from activities such as recycling
and the adoption of environmentally
friendly technology. These methods are
better than pollution control techniques
applied after waste material has become a
potential pollutant.

Hong Kong's 1 104 square kilometres of land contain 6.9 million people and one of the world's largest trading economies. Steep mountains and strong planning controls have led to most of the population being housed in 225 square kilometres of urban development, while over 400 square kilometres have been designated as 'protected areas' including country parks, special areas and conservation zonings. The concentration of population and economic activities in such a small area leads to intense pressures on the environment. This is compounded by the effects, particularly on air quality, from development across the Pearl River Delta region.

The Chief Executive announced in his 1999 annual address a major programme to improve the quality of Hong Kong's environment, covering air pollution control measures, improvement in water quality, reform of waste management, strengthening of conservation, greening of the urban environment and development of regional pollution control mechanisms with Guangdong Province. On July 1, 2002, a new policy bureau, the Environment, Transport and Works Bureau, was established to continue the momentum of this programme.