Curriculum Development Council
The Curriculum Development Council (CDC) is an
advisory body that makes recommendations to the Government on all
matters relating to school curriculum development from kindergarten
to senior secondary forms. Its membership includes heads of schools,
practising teachers, parents, employers, academics from tertiary
institutions, professionals from related fields or related bodies,
representatives from the HKEAA and the VTC, as well as officers
from the EMB.
The curriculum reform is the core component of
the education reform. It aims to motivate students to learn, to
enhance their knowledge and abilities, and develop in them positive
values and attitudes to establish a solid foundation for lifelong
learning and whole-person development.
The CDC has developed a "Basic Education
Curriculum Guide" setting out the themes essential for whole-school
curriculum development, and school curriculum leaders have been
appointed to support primary school heads in curriculum development.
Other support measures include Seed (Research and Development) Projects
which generate useful knowledge and experiences in the context of
learning and teaching for other schools' reference and resources
to support the new curricula.
The school curriculum in Hong Kong is defined
in terms of the five essential learning experiences, i.e. moral
and civic education, intellectual development, community service,
physical and aesthetic development, and career-related experiences
for lifelong learning and whole-person development of students.
In 2001, the CDC developed an open, coherent and
flexible curriculum framework that enables students to meet the
challenges of a knowledge-based society. The framework
is composed of three interconnected components: Key Learning Areas2,
Generic Skills3 and Values and Attitudes4.
The Key Learning Areas serve as the major knowledge domain of subjects
providing contexts for the development of generic skills and values
and attitudes. By making use of the curriculum framework, schools
are now offering their students a broad and balanced curriculum.
To cope with the challenges of the 21st century
and the demands of the rapidly developing knowledge-based society,
the Government endorsed EC's recommendation on reforming the academic
structure for senior education and higher education to help develop
the full potential of students. A three-month consultation was launched
in October 2004 to collect public views on its design blueprint,
timetable for implementation and financial arrangement.
Information Technology in Education
Information technology (IT) in education prepares
our students for the information age and to equip them to become
lifelong learners. The first five-year strategy on
IT in education was launched in 1998. By early 2004 each primary
school had on average 91 computers while secondary school had 247.
All schools now have broadband connection to the Internet.
Riding on the achievements of the first five-year
strategy, a new student-centred IT in education strategy
was launched in July 2004 to enhance community-wide support for
a sustainable development of IT in education. The key goals of the
next strategy are to empower learners and teachers with IT, to enhance
e-leadership capacity in schools, to develop more digital resources
for learning, to improve schools' IT infrastructure, to provide
continuous research and development, and to promote community-wide
The Hong Kong Education City was launched in August
2000 to promote quality education and IT for lifelong and life-wide
learning. It is now one of the most popular education portals in
Hong Kong and will continue to strengthen its role as an agent for
sourcing and disseminating digital education resources.
The SCOLAR was set up in 1996 to advise the Government
on language education issues in general. The Standing Committee
identifies research and development projects necessary for the enhancement
of language proficiency, and advises the Trustee of the Language
Fund on the policy and procedures governing the operation of the
fund. By year-end, the Language Fund has disbursed about $768.25
million for 292 approved projects aimed at enhancing the language
proficiency of the population.
Native-speaking English Teachers (NETs) are recruited
to public sector schools to teach English. They also help change
teaching practices by working with local English teachers to make
the learning of English more interesting. At present, about 470
NETs are serving in secondary schools, and some 310 in primary schools.
More NETs are being recruited to teach in primary schools.